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{{Short description|19th-century American Jesuit priest}}
{{Use mdy dates|date=February 2019}}
{{Use American English|date=February 2019}}
{{Infobox officeholder
| name = Charles H. Stonestreet
| caption = Portrait photograph of Stonestreet
| death_date = {{death date and age|1885|07|03|1813|11|21}}
| birth_place = [[Port Tobacco Village, Maryland|Port Tobacco, Maryland]], U.S.
| birth_date = {{birth date|1813|11|21}}
| module = {{Infobox Christian leader
| child = yes
| ordination = July 4, 1843
| honorific_prefix = [[The Very Reverend]]
| image = Charles H. Stonestreet portrait (minor restoration).jpg
| alt = Three-quarter length seated portrait photograph of Charles H. Stonestreet
| order = 21st
| alma_mater = [[Georgetown University]] ([[Bachelor of Arts|BA]])
| successor = [[Bernard A. Maguire]]
| predecessor = [[James A. Ryder]]
| office = List of presidents of Georgetown University{{!}}President of Georgetown University
| termend = 1852
| termstart = 1851
| death_place = [[Worcester, Massachusetts]], U.S.
'''Charles Henry Stonestreet''' (November 21, 1813 – July 3, 1885) was an American [[Catholic Church|Catholic]] priest and [[Society of Jesus|Jesuit]] who served in prominent religious and academic positions, including as [[provincial superior]] of the Jesuits' [[Jesuit Maryland Province|Maryland Province]] and [[President of Georgetown University]]. He was born in [[Maryland]] and attended [[Georgetown University]], where he co-founded the [[Philodemic Society]]. After entering the Society of Jesus and becoming a professor at Georgetown, he led [[St. John's Literary Institution]] and [[St. John the Evangelist Catholic Church (Frederick, Maryland)|St. John the Evangelist Church]] in [[Frederick, Maryland]]. He was appointed President of Georgetown University in 1851, holding the office for two years, during which time he oversaw expansion of the [[Georgetown University Library|university's library]]. The [[First Plenary Council of Baltimore]] was held at Georgetown during his tenure.
As provincial superior, Stonestreet worked with [[Anthony F. Ciampi|Anthony Ciampi]] in the aftermath of the devastating fire at the [[College of the Holy Cross]], and addressed growing [[anti-Catholicism]]. Due to violence from the [[Know Nothing]]s, he forbade Jesuits from wearing their [[Clerical clothing|clerical attire]] in public or being addressed by their [[Ecclesiastical titles and styles|ecclesiastical titles]]. He later became president of [[Gonzaga College High School|Gonzaga College]], where he oversaw the establishment and construction of [[St. Aloysius Church (Washington, D.C.)|St. Aloysius Church]], of which he became the first [[pastor]]. In 1863, Stonestreet was involved in the legal [[Incorporation (business)|incorporation]] of [[Boston College]], and testified in court as to his knowledge of the conspirators in the [[assassination of Abraham Lincoln]], specifically [[Mary Surratt]] and [[Samuel Mudd]]. Later, he was assigned to Georgetown, parishes throughout Maryland and [[Washington, D.C.]], including as pastor of [[Holy Trinity Catholic Church (Washington, D.C.)|Holy Trinity Church]] in [[Georgetown (Washington, D.C.)|Georgetown]], and Holy Cross, where he lived out his last years.
== Early life and education ==
Charles Henry Stonestreet<ref name=dunigan9>{{harvnb|Dunigan|1852|p=9}}</ref> was born on November 21, 1813, in [[Port Tobacco Village, Maryland|Port Tobacco]] in [[Charles County, Maryland]].<ref name=buckley100>{{harvnb|Buckley|2013|p=100}}</ref> His father was a distinguished lawyer who intended for Charles to enter the legal profession. Charles attended a [[Classical Christian education|classical school]] run by Philip Briscoe in [[St. Mary's County, Maryland|St. Mary's County]], before enrolling in [[Georgetown University]] in [[Washington, D.C.]], where he graduated in 1833.<ref name=shea177>{{harvnb|Shea|1891|p=177}}</ref><ref name="curran157" />
There, he was a member of the [[Philodemic Society]],<ref name="shea103">{{harvnb|Shea|1891|p=103}}</ref> and one of its founders,<ref name=easby-smith91>{{harvnb|Easby-Smith|1907|p=91}}</ref> as he was among the group of students to sign the society's founding [[constitution]] in 1830.<ref name=easby-smith262>{{harvnb|Easby-Smith|1907|p=262}}</ref> He delivered a speech at the 1830 [[Graduation|commencement]] ceremony titled "The Claims of [[Aristotle]] on Posterity,"<ref name=shea96>{{harvnb|Shea|1891|p=96}}</ref> as well as one at the graduation ceremony of 1833 titled "On Ancient Literature."<ref name=shea109>{{harvnb|Shea|1891|p=109}}</ref> Following his graduation, he entered the [[Society of Jesus]] on August 14, 1833.<ref name=woodstock401>{{harvnb|''Woodstock Letters''|1885|p=401}}</ref> On July 28, 1835, Stonestreet officially received his [[Bachelor of Arts]].<ref name="shea112">{{harvnb|Shea|1891|p=112}}</ref> While studying philosophy as a Jesuit [[Jesuit formation|scholastic]], he taught [[French language|French]], [[mathematics]], and [[grammar]] at Georgetown.<ref name="curran157">{{harvnb|Curran|1993|p=157}}</ref>
== Early career ==
[[File:Georgetown University c. 1850.jpg|thumb|upright=1.15|Georgetown University in the mid-19th century, with the new observatory in the background|alt=Georgetown College campus between 1848 and 1854]]
Stonestreet then became a professor and [[prefect]] at Georgetown.<ref name="shea177" /> As the prefects were only slightly older than the students among whom they enforced discipline, Stonestreet complained that the students were so disobedient that discipline would sometimes come to mutual blows between the prefect and students, comparing himself to a "prizefighter."<ref name=curran181-2>{{harvnb|Curran|1993|pp=181–182}}</ref> During this time, [[James Curley (astronomer)|James Curley]] was working on establishing the [[Georgetown University Astronomical Observatory|Georgetown Astronomical Observatory]]. While working on acquiring all the instruments needed to outfit the building, he informed Stonestreet in the winter of 1841 that he would need to purchase a [[meridian circle]].<ref name="dunigan9" /><ref name=easby-smith78>{{harvnb|Easby-Smith|1907|p=78}}</ref> Stonestreet offered him the $2,000 ({{Inflation|index=US|value=2000|start_year=1841|r=-3|fmt=eq}}){{Inflation/fn|US}} that his mother had bequeathed to him, which Curley used to obtain the instrument and begin using the observatory.<ref name="shea138">{{harvnb|Shea|1891|p=138}}</ref> On one occasion, Stonestreet was accompanying a group of thirty students on their annual vacation to [[St. Inigoes, Maryland]]. En route, their [[stagecoach]] overturned due to a reckless driver. All the passengers suffered only minor injuries, except Stonestreet, who was badly injured and sent back to Georgetown.<ref name="shea134">{{harvnb|Shea|1891|p=134}}</ref>
On July 4, 1843, Stonestreet was ordained a [[Priesthood in the Catholic Church|priest]].<ref name="shea177" /> He was sent on a [[Christian mission|mission]] to [[Alexandria, Virginia]],<ref name="shea177" /> before being appointed president of [[St. John's Literary Institution]] in [[Frederick, Maryland]], in 1848,<ref name=easby-smith92>{{harvnb|Easby-Smith|1907|p=92}}</ref> where he remained until 1850.<ref name="curran157" /> At the same time, he was assigned to [[St. John the Evangelist Catholic Church (Frederick, Maryland)|St. John the Evangelist Church]] in Frederick, Maryland, as an assistant [[curate]] to Thomas Lilly. Shortly after, he became the [[pastor]] of St. John the Evangelist Church, and remained there for two years. During this time, he had three assistants, one of whom was [[Anthony F. Ciampi]].<ref name="williams447">{{harvnb|Williams|McKinsey|1997|p=447}}</ref> Simultaneously, he took charge of St. John's Literary Institution that year, succeeding Lilly as president. His tenure at both the church<ref name="jubilee93">{{harvnb|''The Catholic Church in the United States of America''|1914|p=93}}</ref> and the school came to a close at the end of 1850, and he was succeeded by [[Thomas F. Mulledy]].<ref name="stanton74">{{harvnb|Stanton|1900|p=74}}</ref>
== Georgetown University ==
[[File:Stonestreet bust drawing.png|thumb|left|upright=0.85|Drawing of Stonestreet|alt=Bust drawing of Charles H. Stonestreet]]
Stonestreet assumed the [[President of Georgetown University|Presidency of Georgetown University]] on August 1, 1851.<ref name=shea172>{{harvnb|Shea|1891|p=172}}</ref> In May 1852, he commemorated the landing of the Catholic pilgrims in the [[Province of Maryland|Maryland Colony]] by traveling to St. Inigoes, Maryland, with Bishops [[James Oliver Van de Velde]] of [[Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago|Chicago]], [[Richard Pius Miles]] of [[Roman Catholic Diocese of Nashville|Nashville]], and [[John Baptist Miège]] of the [[Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Kansas City in Kansas|Indian Territory East of the Rocky Mountains]].<ref name=shea174>{{harvnb|Shea|1891|p=174}}</ref> During Stonestreet's tenure, the [[First Plenary Council of Baltimore]] was held at the college in 1852. This involved the arrival of twelve [[Bishop in the Catholic Church|bishops]], a [[mitre]]d [[abbot]], and two [[Superior (hierarchy)|religious superiors]].<ref name=shea175>{{harvnb|Shea|1891|p=175}}</ref> That year, the [[Georgetown University School of Medicine|Medical Department]] participated in the commencement ceremony for the first time, awarding its first four [[Doctor of Medicine|medical doctorates]].<ref name=shea176>{{harvnb|Shea|1891|p=176}}</ref> During this time, the [[Georgetown University Library|Georgetown library]] saw significant growth, including almost 900 books that Stonestreet had shipped from [[Rome]]. This period of growth was so substantial that the library in [[Old North Building|Old North]] became filled to capacity, and Stonestreet sought to construct a larger facility.<ref name=curran196-7>{{harvnb|Curran|1993|pp=196–197}}</ref>
Administration of the university by the generally lax Stonestreet was praised by the [[provincial superior]] in a June 1852 report to the [[Superior General of the Society of Jesus|Jesuit Superior General]].<ref name="curran157" /> His placid demeanor was a stark contrast to that of his predecessor, [[James A. Ryder]], and he was well liked by the faculty and students.<ref name="curran157" /> Under his predecessors, enforcement of discipline in Catholic practices increased, and eventually, Catholic students were required to [[Sacrament of Penance|confess]] twice a month.<ref name="curran172" /> Faced with a generally unruly student body, Stonestreet noted how the students least willing to obey authority were those raised in the [[Slavery in the United States|slaveholding culture]] of [[Southern United States|the South]], where they previously enjoyed great indulgence of their antics.<ref name=curran179>{{harvnb|Curran|1993|p=179}}</ref> The several [[Chile]]an students successfully petitioned to be relieved of the requirement's frequency.<ref name=curran172>{{harvnb|Curran|1993|p=172}}</ref> That August, he accepted an appointment as provincial superior of the [[Jesuit Maryland Province|Maryland Province]] of the Society of Jesus; [[Bernard A. Maguire]] was named as his successor.<ref name="shea176" />
== Maryland provincial ==
The provincial superior of the Maryland Province of the Society of Jesus, Ignatius Brocard, died suddenly in the summer of 1852,<ref name="curran158">{{harvnb|Curran|1993|p=158}}</ref> and Stonestreet was named by the Superior General, [[Jan Roothaan]], as his replacement, taking office on August 15.<ref name="kuzniewski85">{{harvnb|Kuzniewski|1999|p=85}}</ref> He was the first Marylander to hold the office who had not been trained in Rome.<ref name=curran139>{{harvnb|Curran|2012|p=139}}</ref>
=== Holy Cross disaster ===
[[File:Fenwick Hall, Holy Cross.gif|thumb|Fenwick Hall at the College of the Holy Cross was nearly totally destroyed by fire in 1852.|alt=Fenwick Hall at the College of the Holy Cross in 1844]]
Stonestreet took office in the immediate aftermath of a disastrous fire at the [[College of the Holy Cross]] in [[Worcester, Massachusetts]], on July 14, which destroyed the college's main building, Fenwick Hall, and most of its contents.<ref name=kuzniewski80>{{harvnb|Kuzniewski|1999|p=80}}</ref> The school's president, Anthony F. Ciampi, vowed to rebuild, while another influential Jesuit there, Joseph Aschwanden, was staunchly opposed to reopening the school.<ref name=kuzniewski81>{{harvnb|Kuzniewski|1999|p=81}}</ref> Stonestreet traveled to Worcester to mediate the controversy, and he reassigned the twenty Jesuits at the school, leaving only Ciampi and Peter Blenkinsop to attend to the ruined school and farm.<ref name="kuzniewski85" /> Stonestreet discussed with Thomas Mulledy whether the Jesuit constitution allowed him to close the school, to which Mulledy responded that it did not. Stonestreet finally wrote to Roothaan, concluding that the school should be rebuilt, even if it meant assumption of much of the school's debt by the Jesuit province.<ref name=kuzniewski86>{{harvnb|Kuzniewski|1999|p=86}}</ref> Roothaan eventually delegated the decision on whether to rebuild to Stonestreet.<ref name=kuzniewski87>{{harvnb|Kuzniewski|1999|p=87}}</ref>
=== Management of Maryland ===
For many years, the Jesuit leadership had discussed establishing a scholasticate for the education of new Jesuits. They sought to separate it from Georgetown, which educated [[Catholic laity|lay]] students as well as scholastics, and required that the scholastics teach alongside their studies. The new Superior General, [[Peter Jan Beckx|Peter Beckx]], proposed in 1855 that Georgetown be transformed into such a scholasticate for training all the Jesuits in the United States, and cease educating lay students. Stonestreet objected to this proposal and eventually, the focus turned to establishing a dedicated scholasticate elsewhere.<ref name="curran258">{{harvnb|Curran|1993|p=258}}</ref>
Stonestreet responded to increasing [[Anti-Catholicism in the United States|anti-Catholicism]] in Maryland, specifically the allegation that the Jesuits swore an oath to the [[pope]] to [[Treason|overthrow]] the United States, by writing a letter to local newspapers in February 1855 in which he described his patriotic pride and attachment to his childhood home on the [[Western Shore of Maryland]]. As the [[Know Nothing]] movement grew in anticipation of the [[1856 United States presidential election|1856 presidential election]], so did Stonestreet and the other Maryland Jesuits' worries; Stonestreet wrote to Rome in the spring of 1856 that they were in the midst of a crisis.<ref name="curran137">{{harvnb|Curran|1993|p=137}}</ref> Due to the violence of the 1840s and 1850s perpetrated by the Know Nothings, he forbade Jesuits from wearing their [[Clerical clothing|clerical attire]] in public or be addressed by their [[Ecclesiastical titles and styles|ecclesiastical titles]], instead using secular [[Style (manner of address)|styles of address]] such as "doctor" instead of "father."<ref name=croce14>{{harvnb|Croce|2017|p=14}}</ref>
== Gonzaga College and St. Aloysius Church ==
[[File:St. Aloysius Church npcc.18800 cropped.jpg.png|thumb|left|[[St. Aloysius Church (Washington, D.C.)|St. Aloysius Church]] (left) and [[Gonzaga College High School|Gonzaga College]] (right)|alt=Early 20th-century negative of St. Aloysius Church and Gonzaga College]]
Upon the selection of [[Burchard Villiger]] as the provincial superior of the Maryland province, Stonestreet succeeded him as president of the Washington Seminary on April 25, 1858.<ref name=hill58>{{harvnb|Hill|1922|p=58}}</ref> Stonestreet petitioned [[United States Congress|Congress]] to grant the school its own [[congressional charter]].<ref name=devitt46>{{harvnb|Devitt|1935|p=46}}</ref> Very shortly thereafter, on May 4, 1858, President [[James Buchanan]] signed into law the bill independently chartering the Washington Seminary, and recognizing the institution by its new name of [[Gonzaga College High School|Gonzaga College]]. With this charter came the school's independence from Georgetown University, under whose authority it previously conferred degrees;<ref name="hill61-62">{{harvnb|Hill|1922|pp=61–62}}</ref> accordingly, ownership of school's property was transferred from Georgetown to Gonzaga.<ref name=hill65>{{harvnb|Hill|1922|p=65}}</ref> The school especially credited Representative [[Richard Henry Clarke]] with seeing the bill through Congress. The following day, Stonestreet officially declared that Washington Seminary had ceased to exist, and had been replaced by Gonzaga College, though it remained common parlance to refer to the school as the Old Seminary for some time.<ref name=hill62>{{harvnb|Hill|1922|p=62}}</ref> The school did not exercise its power to confer degrees until 1868, when the first four students completed their studies.<ref name=devitt46/>
As president of Gonzaga, Stonestreet led the [[Chaplain of the United States House of Representatives#Opening prayer|opening prayer]] of the [[United States House of Representatives|House of Representatives]] on January 24, 1859, and of the [[United States Senate|Senate]] on February 9, 1859.<ref name="hill67">{{harvnb|Hill|1922|p=67}}</ref> During his term, the school's [[College literary societies|literary society]], which had been founded in 1855, was renamed the Phocion Society,<ref name=hill55>{{harvnb|Hill|1922|p=55}}</ref> and Stonestreet was considered its founder.<ref name=hill72>{{harvnb|Hill|1922|p=72}}</ref> While president of Gonzaga College, Stonestreet oversaw the establishment and construction of [[St. Aloysius Church (Washington, D.C.)|St. Aloysius Church]], which would be staffed by Jesuit priests whose service was no longer needed at the diocesan [[St. Patrick's Catholic Church (Washington, D.C.)|St. Patrick's Church]]. The church, designed by fellow Jesuit [[Benedict Sestini]], was dedicated in November 1859; at its dedication, Archbishop [[John Hughes (archbishop of New York)|John Hughes]] and James Ryder delivered sermons.<ref name="devitt47" />
In 1860, he sent his resignation as president of the school to the Jesuit Superior General,<ref name="hill71">{{harvnb|Hill|1922|p=71}}</ref> relinquishing the presidency as well as his pastorate of St. Aloysius Church.<ref name="devitt47">{{harvnb|Devitt|1935|p=47}}</ref> [[William Francis Clarke]] was appointed as his successor.<ref name="hill73">{{harvnb|Hill|1922|p=73}}</ref>
== Civil War era and aftermath ==
[[File:Rev. Stonestreet.jpg|thumb|Photograph of Stonestreet from the studio of [[Mathew Brady|Brady]]-[[Levin Corbin Handy|Handy]]|alt=Photograph of Charles H. Stonestreet seated]]
Following his term at Gonzaga College, Stonestreet was appointed prefect of schools and a professor of [[rhetoric]] at Georgetown. During the [[American Civil War|Civil War]], the Jesuit superiors ordered the Jesuits at Georgetown to remain publicly neutral with respect to the two belligerents. However, the majority of Jesuits and students at the school were aligned with the [[Confederate States of America|Confederacy]]; members of Stonestreet's family fought in the war for the South.<ref name=curran226>{{harvnb|Curran|1993|p=226}}</ref> He also became the Jesuit [[Procurator (canon law)|procurator]] to the superiors in Rome.<ref name="shea177" /> Stonestreet served on the [[President and Directors of Georgetown College|board of directors of Georgetown]] from 1861 to 1862 and from 1863 to 1864, as well as during his time as president of the university.<ref name=curran403>{{harvnb|Curran|1993|p=403}}</ref>
On March 31, 1863, the [[Massachusetts General Court]] incorporated [[Boston College]]. Stonestreet was named in the charter as one of five Jesuits who were the officers of the corporation.<ref name=oconnor17>{{harvnb|O'Connor|2011|p=17}}</ref> In 1864 and 1865, he ministered to the [[Parochial mission|mission church]] congregation of St. Mary's in [[Hagerstown, Maryland]].<ref name=jubilee96>{{harvnb|''The Catholic Church in the United States of America''|1914|p=96}}</ref>
=== Trial of the Lincoln conspirators ===
In 1865, Stonestreet [[Testimony|testified]] in the trial of the [[Assassination of Abraham Lincoln|conspirators in the assassination]] of President [[Abraham Lincoln]]. He stated that he had known [[Mary Surratt|Mary Suratt]], a parishioner of St. Aloysius Church, for more than 20 years and that while he had only infrequently seen her in the past 14 years, he had never known her to espouse treason. This testimony occurred against the backdrop of growing suspicion of Catholics, as several suspects proved to be Catholics; some who were suspicious of Catholics went so far as to accuse the Catholic Church of  involvement in the assassination.<ref name=chamlee341>{{harvnb|Chamlee, Jr.|1990|p=341}}</ref>
He was also called to testify about [[Samuel Mudd]], the physician who attended to [[John Wilkes Booth]]'s fractured leg.<ref name=smithsonian>{{Cite magazine|last=Long|first=Kat|date=April 14, 2015|title=The Assassination of Abraham Lincoln: How Samuel Mudd Went From Lincoln Conspirator to Medical Savior|url=https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/how-samuel-mudd-went-lincoln-conspirator-medical-savior-180954980/|magazine=[[Smithsonian (magazine)|Smithsonian]]|page=|pages=|doi=|pmid=|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20171009143607/https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/how-samuel-mudd-went-lincoln-conspirator-medical-savior-180954980/|archive-date=October 9, 2017|access-date=July 30, 2019}}</ref> He asserted that in 1850, Mudd was a student at St. John's Literary Institution, during Stonestreet's presidency of the school, and that he did not know whether Mudd remained at the school during the [[Christmas]] vacation of December 1850.<ref name=pitman213>{{harvnb|Pitman|1865|p=213}}</ref>
=== Later years ===
Stonestreet returned as a parish priest to St. John the Evangelist Church in Frederick in the late 1860s.<ref name=stanton75>{{harvnb|Stanton|1900|p=75}}</ref> When the president of Gonzaga College and rector of St. Aloysius Church, Bernardin F. Wiget, fell ill in 1868, Stonestreet was temporarily again appointed to the two offices, until August 1869 when James Clark became the permanent replacement.<ref name=devitt50>{{harvnb|Devitt|1935|p=50}}</ref>
While the health of Bernard Maguire, the president of Georgetown, worsened in 1869, Stonestreet was considered again as president. The new provincial superior, Joseph Keller, decided against the nomination, due to his age; instead, [[John Early (educator)|John Early]] was appointed.<ref name="curran280">{{harvnb|Curran|1993|p=280}}</ref> Stonestreet became the pastor of [[Holy Trinity Catholic Church (Washington, D.C.)|Holy Trinity Catholic Church]] in [[Georgetown (Washington, D.C.)|Georgetown]] in 1870, where he remained for four years.<ref name="devitt41">{{harvnb|Devitt|1935|p=41}}</ref> Finally, Stonestreet was made [[Confessor|spiritual father]] at the College of the Holy Cross in 1880. Before long, his health deteriorated around 1883,<ref name=woodstock402>{{harvnb|''Woodstock Letters''|1885|p=402}}</ref> and he died on July 3, 1885.<ref name="buckley100" /><ref name="shea177" />
== References ==
=== Citations ===
=== Sources ===
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* {{Cite journal|last=Devitt|first=Edward I.|date=February 1, 1935|title=History of the Maryland-New York Province: LXIV, Gonzaga College and St. Aloysius' Church|url=https://jesuitonlinelibrary.bc.edu/?a=d&d=wlet19350201-01.2.5|url-status=live|journal=[[Woodstock Letters]]|volume=LXIV|issue=1|pages=41–57|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190112052353/https://jesuitonlinelibrary.bc.edu/?a=d&d=wlet19350201-01.2.5&dliv=none&st=1&e=-------en-20--1--txt-txIN-------|archive-date=January 12, 2019|access-date=January 12, 2019|ref=harv|via=Jesuit Online Library}}
* {{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=idA0AQAAIAAJ&pg=PA9#v=onepage&q&f=false|title=Annals of the Astronomical Observatory of Georgetown College, D.C.|last=Dunigan|first=Edward|publisher=Edward Dunigan & Brother|year=1852|isbn=|volume=1|location=New York|pages=|oclc=13403375|ref=harv|access-date=June 15, 2019|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190615042523/https://books.google.com/books?id=idA0AQAAIAAJ&pg=PA9#v=onepage&q&f=false|archive-date=June 15, 2019|url-status=live|via=[[Google Books]]}}
* {{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=DxUUAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA91#v=onepage&q&f=false|title=Georgetown University in the District of Columbia, 1789–1907|last=Easby-Smith|first=James Stanislaus|publisher=Lewis Publishing Company|year=1907|isbn=|volume=1|location=New York|pages=|oclc=633425041|ref=harv|access-date=June 15, 2019|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190615041729/https://books.google.com/books?id=DxUUAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA91#v=onepage&q&f=false|archive-date=June 15, 2019|url-status=live|via=[[Google Books]]}}
* {{Cite book|title=Gonzaga College, an Historical Sketch: From Its Foundation in 1821, to the Solemn Celebration of Its First Centenary in 1921|last=Hill|first=Owen Aloysius|publisher=Gonzaga College|year=1922|isbn=|location=Washington, D.C.|pages=61–72|chapter=Chapter VIII: Rev. Charles H. Stonestreet (1858–1860)|oclc=1266588|ref=harv|access-date=January 12, 2019|chapter-url=https://books.google.com/books?id=mZoaAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA61#v=onepage&q&f=false|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190112055740/https://books.google.com/books?id=mZoaAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA61#v=onepage&q&f=false|archive-date=January 12, 2019|url-status=live|via=[[Google Books]]}}
* {{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=C04IVksMcN0C&pg=PA107#v=onepage&q&f=false|title=Thy Honored Name: A History of the College of the Holy Cross, 1843–1994|last=Kuzniewski|first=Anthony J.|publisher=[[Catholic University of America Press]]|year=1999|isbn=978-0-81320-911-1|location=Washington, D.C.|pages=|ref=harv|access-date=January 12, 2019|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190112062734/https://books.google.com/books?id=C04IVksMcN0C&pg=PA107#v=onepage&q&f=false|archive-date=January 12, 2019|url-status=live|via=[[Google Books]]}}
* {{cite journal|url=https://jesuitonlinelibrary.bc.edu/?a=d&d=wlet18851101-01.2.16&e=-------en-20--1--txt-txIN-------|title=Obituary: Father Charles H. Stonestreet|journal=[[Woodstock Letters]]|date=November 1, 1885|volume= XIV|issue=3|pages=400–403|ref={{harvid|Woodstock Letters|1885}}|accessdate=November 9, 2019|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20191109171136/https://jesuitonlinelibrary.bc.edu/?a=d&d=wlet18851101-01.2.16&dliv=none&st=1&e=-------en-20--1--txt-txIN-------|archive-date=November 9, 2019|url-status=live|via=Jesuit Online Library}}
* {{Cite book|url=https://www.bc.edu/content/dam/files/offices/lindenlane/pdf/bc-az.pdf|title=The Spirit of the Heights|last=O'Connor|first=Thomas H.|publisher=Linden Lane Press at Boston College|year=2011|isbn=|location=Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts|pages=|ref=harv|access-date=January 12, 2019|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160825161808/https://www.bc.edu/content/dam/files/offices/lindenlane/pdf/bc-az.pdf|archive-date=August 25, 2016|url-status=live}}
* {{Cite book|url=http://libsysdigi.library.uiuc.edu/oca/books2008-10/assassinationofp00hero/assassinationofp00hero.pdf|title=The Assassination of President Lincoln and the Trial of the Conspirators|last=Pitman|first=Benn|publisher=Moore, Wilstach & Baldwin|year=1865|isbn=|location=New York|pages=|oclc=793444477|ref=harv|access-date=June 15, 2019|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190615043524/http://libsysdigi.library.uiuc.edu/oca/books2008-10/assassinationofp00hero/assassinationofp00hero.pdf|archive-date=June 15, 2019|url-status=live}}
* {{Cite book|title=Memorial of the First Century of Georgetown College, D.C.: Comprising a History of Georgetown University|last=Shea|first=John Gilmary|publisher=[[Peter Fenelon Collier|P. F. Collier]]|year=1891|isbn=|volume=3|location=New York|pages=172–177|chapter=Chapter XXIII: Father Charles H. Stonestreet, S.J.|oclc=612832863|ref=harv|author-link=John Gilmary Shea|access-date=January 12, 2019|chapter-url=https://books.google.com/books?id=YdRAAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA172#v=onepage&q&f=false|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190112050246/https://books.google.com/books?id=YdRAAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA172#v=onepage&q&f=false|archive-date=January 12, 2019|url-status=live|via=[[Google Books]]}}
* {{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=YOR3nEwHdEAC&pg=PA74#v=onepage&q&f=false|title=A Century of Growth, Or, The Church in Western Maryland|last=Stanton|first=Thomas J.|publisher=John Murphy Company|year=1900|isbn=978-0788421280|volume=2|location=Baltimore|pages=|oclc=223768695|ref=harv|access-date=June 15, 2019|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190528043109/https://books.google.com/books?id=YOR3nEwHdEAC&pg=PA74#v=onepage&q&f=false|archive-date=May 28, 2019|url-status=live|via=[[Google Books]]}}
* {{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=h6w1YPiY0nYC&pg=PA447#v=onepage&q&f=false|title=History of Frederick County, Maryland|last=Williams|first=Thomas John Chew|last2=McKinsey|first2=Folger|publisher=Genealogical Publishing Company|year=1997|isbn=978-0-80637-973-9|volume=1|location=Baltimore|pages=|ref=harv|access-date=January 12, 2019|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190112051237/https://books.google.com/books?id=h6w1YPiY0nYC&pg=PA447#v=onepage&q&f=false|archive-date=January 12, 2019|url-status=live|via=[[Google Books]]}}
== External links ==
{{Commons category|Charles H. Stonestreet}}
* {{Find a Grave|196852526}}
* {{OL author|OL4857464A}}
* Appearance in the records of the [http://slaveryarchive.georgetown.edu/items/browse?tags=Charles+Stonestreet Georgetown Slavery Archives]
* "An Act to incorporate Gonzaga College, in the City of Washington and District of Columbia", {{USStat|11|265}}
* {{Cite act|title=An Act to Incorporate the Trustees of the Boston College|type=Act|number=123|date=April 1, 1863|pages=441–443|url=https://archive.org/details/actsandresolves29massgoog/page/n148}}
{{s-bef|before=Thomas Lilly, S.J.}}
{{s-ttl|title=President of [[St. John's Literary Institution]]|order=3rd|years=1848–1850}}
{{s-aft|after=[[Thomas F. Mulledy]], S.J.}}
{{s-bef|before=[[James A. Ryder]], S.J.}}
{{s-ttl|title=[[President of Georgetown University]]|order=21st|years=1851–1852}}
{{s-aft|after=[[Bernard A. Maguire]], S.J.}}
{{s-bef|before=[[Burchard Villiger]], S.J.|as=President of Washington Seminary}}
{{s-ttl|title=President of [[Gonzaga College High School|Gonzaga College]]|order=8th|years=1858–1860}}
{{s-aft|after=[[William Francis Clarke]], S.J.}}
{{s-bef|before=Thomas Lilly, S.J.}}
{{s-ttl|title=Pastor of [[St. John the Evangelist Catholic Church (Frederick, Maryland)|St. John the Evangelist Church]]|years=1848–1850}}
{{s-aft|after=[[Thomas F. Mulledy]], S.J.}}
{{s-bef|before=Ignatius Brocard, S.J.}}
{{s-ttl|title=[[Provincial Superior]] of the [[Jesuit Maryland Province]]|years=1852–1858}}
{{s-aft|after=[[Burchard Villiger]], S.J.}}
{{s-ttl|title=Pastor of [[St. Aloysius Church (Washington, D.C.)|St. Aloysius Church]]|order=1st|years=1858–1860}}
{{s-aft|after=[[William Francis Clarke]], S.J.}}
{{s-bef|before=Louis Hippolyte Gache, S.J.}}
{{s-ttl|title=Pastor of [[Holy Trinity Catholic Church (Washington, D.C.)|Holy Trinity Catholic Church]]|order=22nd|years=1870–1874}}
{{s-aft|after=John B. DeWolf, S.J.}}
{{Georgetown University presidents}}
{{Portal bar|Biography|Catholicism|Education|Maryland|United States}}
{{Authority control}}
{{featured article}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:Stonestreet, Charles H.}}
[[Category:1813 births]]
[[Category:1885 deaths]]
[[Category:19th-century American educators]]
[[Category:19th-century American Jesuits]]
[[Category:Catholics from Maryland]]
[[Category:Georgetown University alumni]]
[[Category:Philodemic Society members]]
[[Category:Georgetown University faculty]]
[[Category:Presidents of Gonzaga College High School]]
[[Category:Presidents of Georgetown University]]
[[Category:People from Port Tobacco Village, Maryland]]
[[Category:People of Maryland in the American Civil War]]

Latest revision as of 11:02, 26 June 2020